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Foot Conditions and Treatment Options

We spend many hours every day on our feet. Keeping them healthy by wearing proper footwear, and attending to any issues are the best ways to ensure healthy, pain-free mobility. For information on any of the common foot issues, click the link below.

Contact us today to schedule your appointment.

Heel Pain

Heel pain occurs most frequently with inflammation of the long band of connective tissue that passes from your heel to your toes. It is often most painful upon arising in the morning or after long periods of rest.

This problem can be easily treated with a new, noninvasive treatment called "pulse activated therapy / shockwave therapy." It has a high success rate when delivered in the appropriate manner. Also note, there is no interruption in daily activities. Many other treatments for heel pain exist as well. Custom orthotics can be useful for the elimination and prevention of heel pain long term. Our orthotics are made by performing a biomechanical exam (measuring joint motion in the lower extremities), then taking an impression of the feet. This ensures accuracy of the devices.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option. We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Tailor’s Bunion

Tailor's bunions or bunionettes are similar to bunions, except they occur at the lateral side of the foot (near the baby toe).

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Diabetic Ulcers

Diabetic ulcers occur when the skin breaks down from excessive pressure or friction. Ulcers are commonly infected and can lead to limb-threatening, or even life-threatening, situations if not treated appropriately and immediately. Diabetics who have poor circulation and diminished sensation are especially prone to this problem.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Intoeing

Intoeing is usually hereditary and will often lead to clumsiness or lack of exercise. It is never too early to start treatment of this problem.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Ingrown Nails

Ingrown nails are nails whose corners dig painfully into the skin. Improper trimming and certain shoes can cause chronic infections.

A Doctor of Podiatric Medicine can offer a relatively painless procedure performed in the office. Extreme care is taken to maintain the look of the original nail. Note that there is usually no interruption of daily activities afterward.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Hammertoes

Hammertoes are toes which are bent into a claw-like position. Although the condition usually stems from a muscle imbalance, it is often aggravated by ill-fitting shoes or socks. Treatment options can vary depending on if the condition is rigid or flexible.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Neuromas

Neuromas occur when the nerves between two toes get pinched at the level of the ball of the forefoot. Most often, it occurs between the third and fourth toes (Morton's neuroma), although it does occur between the second and third toes. Pain, numbness, and tingling to the respective toes result, which is aggravated by tight shoes.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Fungal Nails

Fungal nails are thickened, discolored, and misshapen nails that are often difficult to trim. These are usually a result of trauma or multiple minimal trauma from improper fitting shoes or even chronic athlete's foot in the skin.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Bunions

Bunions are misaligned big toe joints that become irritated, red, and swollen. The basic cause is heredity and weakness in foot structure, while ill-fitting shoes are an aggravating factor. A Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option. We perform the surgical correction procedure in our state-of-the-art surgical suite, utilizing local anaesthesia. Most patients are back in running shoes in 3 to 4 weeks with complete healing usually between 6 to 8 weeks.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are caused by a virus that invades the skin on the bottom of the feet. The virus causes a painful growth that can spread and multiply. They are contagious. There are many relatively painless but effective types of treatments in combination with topical medications available that eliminate the condition without leaving behind a scar.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Flat Feet / High Arches

Flat feet or high-arched feet are hereditary foot types. Each has their own set of symptoms. Often, orthotics (custom-made inserts for your shoes) are made to alleviate these secondary problems. Orthotics made by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine ensure that your devices are made accurately by someone who specializes in treating feet.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are layers of dead skin caused by friction and pressure from the skin rubbing against bony areas when wearing shoes.

Note: We try to exhaust all conservative measures prior to performing surgery. Sometimes, nonsurgical treatment can help, but it may only be temporary. For certain problems, surgery is often the more definitive answer to a persistent problem and the best way to prevent more serious conditions. Surgery by a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine may be your best option.

We perform all surgeries in our office utilizing a local anaesthetic.


Plantar Fasciitis

One of the most common sources of heel pain is a condition called plantar fasciitis. Your heel bone is connected to your toes with a band of tissue, the plantar fascii, and this tissue can become strained, irritated, and inflamed. When the plantar fascii becomes injured, strained, or irritated, you are likely to experience pain at the bottom of your foot when you walk and stand, particularly after not putting any weight on the foot for an extended period, such as when sitting or laying in bed.

As we get older, this ligament can become weaker and more prone to injury, and people who spend lots of time on their feet, either for work or athletic activities, are also prone to plantar fasciitis.

Plantar fasciitis is normally treated with a multiple-pronged treatment schedule. Home treatments, such as special stretches and exercises, as well as regular icing, are important. Regular use of custom-made orthotics is important to alleviate any strain on the ligament. Custom-made orthotics should also be checked and likely replaced at least every second year, as our feet do change due to weight, small injuries, and lifestyle.

Wearing worn-out or badly fitting shoes, as well as being overweight, will aggravate the strain. Proper footwear is crucial for avoiding and treating the pain of plantar fasciitis. High, tight heels that strain your feet into an unnatural position, loose-fitting flip-flops, and even the wrong type of athletic shoe can all aggravate the condition.

If you have high arches or flat feet, you are at more risk for plantar fasciitis, but custom foot orthotics can support your feet and eliminate this risk.

If you suffer from the pain of plantar fasciitis see your foot specialist. The team at the Foot Care Institute in Windsor has the experience and training to diagnose and effectively treat plantar fasciitis and any other foot issue.


I Have Diabetes

If you or someone you know has diabetes, you probably know that foot care is especially important. Regular diabetic foot care and checkups by a foot specialist are key in evaluating the effect of the condition, and in avoiding serious issues such as foot ulcers, which can lead to limb or life-threatening situations if not caught and treated early.

The team at Foot Care Institute will assess you, help you develop a good at-home care program, and treat any foot issues you may have. Make an appointment today!

Book your appointment today!


Orthotics

What is an orthotic?
An orthotic is a mechanism designed to align the biomechanical system of the body. Foot orthotics, specifically, are constructed to fix the alignment of your foot. By correctly aligning your foot mechanics, custom foot orthotics support and help with the proper alignment of your entire biomechanical system, starting from the toes right up to the top of your spine.

Orthotics can be designed as insoles that can be inserted into your shoe, or can also be a shoe designed with built-in orthotics, designed specifically for your personal needs. The orthotics are created from imprints made of your feet, pinpointing stress points and problem areas.

Who needs orthotics?
Orthotics are recommended for those with pain, balance, or other biomechanical-based problems—generated from improper foot alignment. Candidates for orthotics should seek the attention of a foot specialist in order to determine whether or not custom foot orthotics are appropriate. Problems dictating the need for custom foot orthotics can range from foot pain, to joint inflammation, to spinal disfigurement and any other issue with the central biomechanical and musculoskeletal systems.

Custom-made foot orthotics can be used to treat many conditions that affect the entire body, such as:

What can I do?
If you think you may require foot orthotics, you should seek the attention of a podiatrist, chiropodist, or qualified physiotherapist. You should explain any issues you have that you think may be related to your foot alignment or lower biomechanical system, issues that may be corrected with the help of custom orthotics.

Should I wear my orthotics all the time?
Over time, with the proper usage of your custom foot orthotics, their support may be less required. However, when first prescribed, custom foot orthotics should be worn all the time, and, if you use multiple types of footwear, multiple pairs of orthotics appropriately designed for the specific requirements of each pair of shoes or other footwear.

Why do my orthotics feel uncomfortable?
Foot orthotics are made to realign your foot structure in such a way that it is no longer improperly positioned. As a result, your foot is being manipulated into a form that it isn’t used to, and discomfort may occur as a result until your foot has become accustomed to the new alignment.

What kind of shoe do I need for my orthotics?
Generally, most shoes are suitable for use with custom orthotics—as long as they have a removable insole. However, to ensure the best result possible, it is best to wear a shoe recommended by your foot care practitioner, a comfortable shoe that doesn’t put any kind of added stress or biomechanical manipulation on your foot.

For example, if you are wearing heels frequently or unsupportive work dress shoes, those shoes may be the very reason you’re having issues with your feet to begin with, and are therefore not optimal choices of footwear to be partnered with your orthotics.

All kinds of footwear can be accommodated with a custom-made orthotic device, such as:

Our main location is in Windsor, ON, and we have a satellite office in London. Call us today
at 519-258-3668 to schedule a consultation. We don’t require a referral.

 
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